Neck pain: treatment of neck pain.
The neck is the part of the body that connects the head to the torso. The neck is a very vulnerable part of the body that performs a large number of vital functions. The functions of the neck muscles and vertebrae include ensuring maximum head mobility.
The spinal cord is located in the spinal canal formed by the seven cervical vertebrae. Between the vertebrae there are discs where the cervical nerves pass. The neck structure includes veins, arteries, muscles, trachea, larynx, esophagus, thyroid and lymph nodes. Diseases that affect certain neck tissues can cause neck pain.
Cervicalgia is a pain in the neck that does not spread to other parts of the body. If the pain irradiates in the arm, it is called cervico-Brachialgia, but if there is irrigation in the head – cervicocranialgia.
A cervical bullet, called cervicago, is caused by the compression of sinewertebral nerve receptors. Painful sensations usually occur unexpectedly, for example, when the head moves awkwardly. This disease is characterized by acute pain, which becomes more severe, even with minor neck movements. Such pain may be transferred to the head (especially the back of the head), or the chest. These sensations make the shoulder belt and head take a forced position, there is tension of the cervical thoracic muscles, restriction of mobility in the upper thoracic and cervical parts of the spine, as well as in the shoulder joint. The exacerbation of the disease usually lasts approximately 10 days.
Pain in the neck represents pain in the cervical area of the spine. Neck pain can be a signal of mechanical damage to the cervical spine. These painful feelings are seldom enough to indicate the presence of a systemic disease. Despite the fact that the intensity of pain can be very severe, it usually takes 1-2 weeks, and much less than 8-12 weeks. Pain can be localized in the vertebral area, or given to the hand (radiculopathy).
Which diseases are characterized by neck pain:
The most common causes of neck pain are:
Neck pain is most often the main complaint of patients. Pain in the neck occurs in people, regardless of gender and age. The most common cause of its occurrence is osteochondrosis, or osteoarthritis of the corresponding part of the spine, or disorders in the ligaments of the spine or neck muscles. Often in these diseases, pain is localized in the ligaments of the spine, muscles of the back, as well as in the discs and intervertebral joints. The main causes of neck pain are osteochondrosis and osteoarthritis of the spine in the cervical region, damage to the spinal ligaments or neck muscles. Every year, the disease, called osteoarthritis, is becoming more and more common.
The source of pain in osteoarthritis is the intervertebral joints affected by the disease. Changes in the intervertebral joints are the cause of myofascinating pain as well as acute curvature. Also in the lower part of the cervical spine there may be intervertebral hernia, usually located in the intervertebral discs C5-C6 and C6-C7. Intense neck pain on the arm can be caused by cervical osteochondrosis, cervical tumors in the spine, trauma effects, and craniospinal abnormalities. In addition, neck pain can be caused by muscle strain, hypothermia (e.g., drafts), heavy physical activity, or sleep in an uncomfortable position. In many cases, the pain goes away on its own within one or two days. If the pain does not disappear, but resumes or increases, you should contact a specialist immediately. Hernia of the intervertebral disk often causes pain, which is localized in the shoulder. Squeezing the nerve root causes pain in the arm (brachialgia) or shoulder. Hernia can cause nerve dysfunction, including reduced reflex activity, muscle strength and sensitivity.
Stenosis of the spinal canal leads to compression of the spinal cord, which causes cervical myelopathy. The narrowing of the spinal canal may be a consequence of disc ejection, thickening of the spinal ligaments, and the emergence of bone spikes. Damage to the spinal cord may not be accompanied by pain, but may cause numbness in the limbs, weakness, and impaired pelvic function. Muscle spasm is often caused by sudden neck rotations that can occur during accidents. Rigidity as well as pain can develop within 24-48 hours after injury. Systemic abnormalities leading to neck pain include: rheumatoid arthritis, Bechterev’s disease (ankylosing spondylitis), rheumatic polymyalgia, infections and tumours.